What voice then replaces the author’s? translation is the most intimate act of reading . The book can be of particular use for anthropologists, historians, philosophers, sociologists, as well as for those interested in cultural studies. An example of this is when I took Maryse to an old sugar mill in Guadeloupe in one of the most desolate parts of the island that reminded me of the landscape she described in La migration des coeurs—which I translated as Windward Heights as a reference to her Caribbean adaptation of Emily Brontë’s Wuthering Heights. RP: I have always had a secret desire to become an actor, and perhaps reading a translation in front of an audience compensates for this. This site uses cookies to improve your experience and to help show ads that are more relevant to your interests. Like an actor, a translator needs a text and they both interpret it with their personal talent. She says that the relationship between an author and her text can be compared to no other. It was much later when I came to teach translation that I researched the many theories and history of translation and endeavored to convey my enthusiasm to the students. STH: When and how did you first meet Maryse Condé? People read very little in Guadeloupe and are more impressed by fiction from France or when an author wins a major literary prize. In his 2001 essay “Translating Maryse Condé: A Personal Itinerary,” translator Richard Philcox takes this idea a step further, writing that, when reading his translations of Condé’s work in front of an audience: “I become the author, and the translation becomes the text. When I translated the works of Frantz Fanon, not only did I have the initial translation to deal with, but also all those scholars of Fanon breathing down my neck who have staked their reputation on Fanon’s ideas. ISBN 0-8021-4132-3 I. France-Colonies-Africa. In Conde’s recent speech in Stockholm on receiving the New Academy Prize for the Alternative Nobel Prize for Literature, she―paraphrasing André Breton―described Philcox, her husband as well as her translator, as her “constant oxygen.” If I translate a French Creole word or expression by the Caribbean English equivalent (e.g. I do feel, however, that by translating Maryse I am conversing with her, sometimes talking back to her, telling her fond thoughts, sometimes arguing with her. The same is true for an orchestra whose interpretation of Mozart, for example, will be different at every performance. Or how our trip to Charleston, South Carolina in 1989—where the roofs were still covered in blue tarpaulins three months after Hurricane Hugo had also devastated Guadeloupe—became her inspiration for her novel The Last of the African Kings. RP: I would like to mention two essential texts for students of translation: After Babel: Aspects of Language and Translation by George Steiner and Translation/History/Culture edited by André Lefevere. Sarah Timmer Harvey (STH): How did you come to translation as a career? $15.87; $15.10 ; In Stock. Frantz Fanon (Author), Richard Philcox (Translator) 4.8 out of 5 stars 610 ratings. Chicago Manual of Style In your translations, do you ever provide any extra context to humor that is culturally specific or language-bound? In this article, the author Maryse Condé and her husband and translator Richard Philcox exchange views on the challenges and role of translation as well as its positive and negative aspects. The Wretched of the Earth is a brilliant analysis of the psychology of the colonized and their path to liberation. Crossing the Mangrove book. STH: As a translator, you find yourself in the unique position of translating the work of your spouse. Richard Philcox, Maryse Condé's husband and translator. As Susan Bassnett writes in her book Translation Studies: “Paris cannot be London or New York, it must be Paris; our hero must be Pierre, not Peter; he must drink an aperitif, not a cocktail; smoke Gauloises, not Kents; and walk down the rue du Bac, not Back Street.”. Are there particular texts that you believe to be essential reading for students of translation? Her new book (translated from French by her translator and husband Richard Philcox) is The Wondrous and Tragic Lives of Ivan and Ivana. STH: In your essay, “Translating Maryse Condé: A Personal Itinerary,” you wrote about the pleasure you find in reading your translations in front of an audience. The great charismatic creative writer wants to be all over the globe. Turabian . I'm not disagreeing with the claim (I have read the entire book in the original, but only pieces of Farrington's translation and none of Philcox… None of this corresponded to a novel like Heremakhonon or for that matter anything literary or poetical. Availability: Not Available In-Store - Usually Ships from Warehouse in 1-5 Days . The Wretched of the Earth has had a major impact on civil rights, anti-colonialism, and black consciousness movements around the world, and this bold new translation by Richard Philcox reaffirms it … . One of the things that struck me when first visiting Guadeloupe was how the news media focused more on Metropolitan France than on local events. Different actors and different translators will each interpret their texts differently. As a result, I can remain faithful, in all senses of the word, as translator and husband, and yet remain free to continue translating as a man of our times. “Interpretation” is the key word, and both actor and translator rely on this personal talent to convince their audience and readers. I thus become Maryse Condé.” Certainly, as Condé’s husband and translator, Philcox has built an impressive career living and working with the Guadeloupean winner of the 2018 Alternative Nobel Prize, their personal and professional lives so enmeshed that Philcox and Condé share an email address. Richard Philcox (RP): I began my career as a technical translator with Kodak-Pathé, the French affiliate of Eastman Kodak, in Paris. Was it a path that you always intended to follow? I try to avoid seeking inspiration from other people’s translations and there is nothing worse than having to correct other people’s work, such as we had to do for Barbara Bray’s translation of Segu. According to her, it can only be that of the translator’s. I prefer to keep the French Creole word and qualify it such as a bakoua straw hat or a golle, a shapeless Creole dress. The Wretched of the Earth /: Frantz Fanon ; Translated From the French by Richard Philcox ; Introductions by Jean-Paul Sartre and … RP: Many of the jokes and cultural references in The Wondrous and Tragic Life of Ivan and Ivana are specifically French, such as references to the French singers Barbara or Sheila and to comedians such as Coluche whose reputation never went far beyond French borders. $16.00. What is important is that the actor convinces the spectator of the character’s voice and personality. In all her novels, Maryse considers the reader to be an intelligent individual, able to read the implications between the lines and understand cultural references. Maryse’s indifference to the translation, however, gives me a free hand and lets my imagination roam in the English language or as Gayatri Spivak says: “The task of the translator is to facilitate this love between the original and its shadow.” In big screen biopics, for instance, it is not necessary to resemble Ray Charles, George VI, or Margaret Thatcher in the flesh. Not many people in Sweden or in the English-speaking countries can read French, and many of those readers were reading my translations of Maryse’s novels. Philcox, Richard. She says that the translation loses the original music and tone. Why We Can't Wait (Paperback) Translation question. Most Guadeloupeans accept the legacy of colonialism and are satisfied with being French and living in a French Overseas Department; a few refuse this choice. And if not, how do you solve any queries or challenges you might have? At the time I hadn’t much thought about the history and theory of translation and adapted much of the rules of technical translation to a literary work: i.e. STH: In 2018, Condé was awarded the New Academy Prize for Literature (the Alternative Nobel Prize) for her body of work. For her the translator turns the musicality of the text upside down and in the end, destroys the lovingly elaborated score. People would be better informed about the traffic and weather in Paris than on the island. Maryse had gone through many difficult and harrowing experiences during her life in West Africa (see What is Africa to Me? This has changed a little since then but Paris still pulls the strings and the local politicians are little more than marionettes. Free E-book Of The Month For many translators, this would be a dream scenario, as it suggests unlimited access to the author of the text you are translating. Few modern voices have had as profound an impact on the black identity and critical race theory as Frantz Fanon, and Black Skin, White Masks represents some of his most important work. In Conde’s recent speech in Stockholm on receiving the New Academy Prize for the Alternative Nobel Prize for Literature, she―paraphrasing André Breton―described Philcox, her husband as well as her translator, as her “constant oxygen.” Philcox has also translated Frantz Fanon’s The Wretched of the Earth and Black Skin, White Masks, has taught translation courses at Princeton, University of Maryland, and the University of San Francisco, and has won grants from the National Endowment for the Humanities and the National Endowment for the Arts. RP: In other words, we are intimate enemies. At that time Maryse had not become a writer and had no published work to her name. RP: There are two ways to act as a colonized person: either you accept the lifestyle of the colonizer like Ivana or you rebel against it like Ivan. More Story. Do you collaborate with her in any way during the translation process? It’s a novel about a set of twins, who, while remaining physically close, follow very different spiritual and intellectual paths. The population of French Antilleans in France is about the same as on the islands, an exodus in the search for work. The wretched of the earth I Frantz Fa non ; translated from the French by Richard Philcox ; introductions by Jean-Paul Sartre and Homi K. Bhabha. Written in the shadow of the Charlie Hebdo attack, it is a searing novel about the resistance of binaries. Although it sounds pretentious, I did feel that I had somehow contributed to this award thanks to my translations. Translated by Richard Philcox, and featuring now-classic critical essays by Jean-Paul Sartre and Homi K. Bhabha, as well as a new essay, this sixtieth anniversary edition of Fanon’s most famous text stands proudly alongside such pillars of anti-colonialism and anti-racism as Edward Said’s Orientalism and The Autobiography of Malcolm X. Add to basket. Pingback: Around the web – June 2020 | A Smart Translator's Reunion(), Conversing on Paper: Richard Philcox on the Living Art of Translation, In This Together: Writers From Around the World Respond to the COVID-19 Outbreak, Announcing our May Book Club Selection: Minor Detail by Adania Shibli, Land / Water: A Chronicle of Vietnamese as a Diasporic Condition, Around the web – June 2020 | A Smart Translator's Reunion. The Caribbean context is the same. Edith Grossman writes in her book Why Translation Matters: “It is fascinating and puzzling to realize that only translation has to fend off the insidious damaging question of whether or not it is, can be, or should be possible. Many times, an insult or a greeting can stay as it is in Creole and can easily be understood by the reader. Fanon's masterwork is now available in a new translation that updates its language for a new generation of readers. Includes delivery to USA. Maryse feels that she is dispossessed by the translation which for her becomes a very different text. A major influence on civil rights, anti-colonial, and black consciousness movements around … For centuries, the process of translating literature has been likened to the art of acting, perhaps most famously by Ralph Manheim, who claimed “translators are like actors: we speak lines by someone else.” In his 2001 essay “Translating Maryse Condé: A Personal Itinerary,” translator Richard Philcox takes this idea a step further, writing that, when reading his translations of Condé’s work in front of an audience: “I become the author, and the translation becomes the text. STH: You have taught translation at various institutions around the world. Sarah holds an MFA in writing and translation from Columbia University and, most recently, Sarah’s work has appeared in Asymptote, Modern Poetry in Translation, Gulf Coast Journal, and Cagibi. Richard Philcox is the long-time translator of Maryse Conde’s works, beginning with her first novel. See all formats and editions Hide other formats and editions. For example, Aimé Césaire’s Cahier d’un retour au pays natal has been subjected to at least four or five English translations and I have retranslated Les Damnés de la terre and Peau noire, masques blancs by Frantz Fanon. There is, however, a bond between author and translator as husband and wife. What is it that drew you, as a 2. Add to Wish List. Few modern voices have had as profound an impact on the black identity and critical race theory as Frantz Fanon, and Black Skin, White Masks represents some of his most important work. I translate myself into the author, place myself in the historical or present-day context and relive the experience that inspired the original work. An analysis of the period when the translation was done and who the translator was (in terms of gender, origin, education, and color) gives valuable insights into the choice of vocabulary as well as loss and gain in the translation. To surrender in translation is more erotic than ethical.” (from “The Politics of Translation” in The Translation Studies Reader). Richard Philcox is husband and translator to Maryse Condé, and this beautiful interview looks at their lives, translating French Creole and how translation is similar to ventriloquism. absolute clarity, no ambiguity, short sentences, no time for lyricism, and nothing left to the imagination. Read 148 reviews from the world's largest community for readers. p. em. I was approached by Three Continents Press in Washington DC for an English translation and used my time in the office to work on it. Translated by Richard Philcox. STH: Your English translation of Condé’s The Wondrous and Tragic Life of Ivan and Ivana was published in North America in early May. I think that if I had to redo the translation, it would be very different today. She had been writing for many years without any special recognition, never having been awarded any of France’s prestigious prizes such as the Goncourt or the Renaudot. Paperback (10 Sep 2008) Save $0.77. Citizens of the global South can skip Jean-Paul Sartre’s preface; let the author speak for himself. 18.00 Close. Translation as an act of interpretation is a special case of communication, and communication is a sexual act as George Steiner says in After Babel. STH: Condé has previously spoken about the many jokes she has made in the pages of The Wondrous and Tragic Life of Ivan and Ivana. Le Morne de Massabielle, first produced in Puteaux, France, at Theatre des Hauts de Seine, 1974, translation by husband, Richard Philcox, produced in New York, NY, as The Hills of Massabielle, 1991. cooking food Mafé Mali Maryse Condé Of Morsels and Marvels Richard Philcox Seagull Books translation University of Chicago Press. Fanon, Frantz, and Richard Philcox. This helped me enormously later on while translating Frantz Fanon since he had put into theory what Maryse was writing in her novels. Richard Philcox is the translator of 2015 Man Booker Prize International finalist Maryse Condé and Franz Fanon. Scientific Style and Format Some of these cookies are essential to the operation of the site, while others help to improve your experience by providing insights into how the site is being used. Since a translator has so many doubts about a text, I have to plead with Maryse for clarification on certain points. Besides being happy and proud, she was relieved. RP: We are now an old couple, and silences speak louder than words. On the eve of the North American publication of Condé’s novel The Wondrous and Tragic Life of Ivan and Ivana, I corresponded with Philcox about “conversing” with Condé on paper, translating French Creole, and his long-held secret desire to become an actor. STH: Towards the end of The Wondrous and Tragic Life of Ivan and Ivana, there is a reflection on Guadeloupe’s national narrative, which concludes that “Guadeloupe is an overseas department. What has winning this prize meant for both of you? Sign up as a sustaining member today. Or translations that you tend to revisit when you are seeking inspiration? (Translator into French with Richard Philcox) Eric Williams, From Columbus to Castro: The History of the Caribbean, Presence Africaine, 1975. Website. RP: We met in Kaolack, Senegal in 1969 when we were both teaching at the Lycée Gaston Berger. By Frantz Fanon, Richard Philcox (Translator), Homi K. Bhabha (Foreword by) $16.00 . This is squeezed grudgingly out of her and I continue my translation working on the music and tone that would be familiar to an English-speaking reader. The same goes for translation: we are not looking for a literal word-for-word translation, but a voice, a music, and a spirit that convinces the reader of the author’s original talent. Richard Philcox Translator (2010) The Story of the Cannibal Woman Maryse Condé Author Richard Philcox Translator (2007) Who Slashed Celanire's Throat? This is where translation is such a precious asset and puts literature from the French Antilles on the map. There are some interesting translation exercises that I have taught, such as the comparison of previous translations of an author’s work. Richard Philcox is a well-known translator of French Caribbean literature and has translated most of the works of the Guadeloupean novelist Maryse Condé into English. You liken the experience to that of an actor or performing a ventriloquist’s act. béké or white Creole by the Jamaican or Barbadian buckra or backra) it is a shift toward an altogether different society. It is a permanent interaction between two people living in harmony, traveling, and living together. Richard Philcox (Translator), Leah D. Hewitt (Afterword) 3.78 avg rating — 54 ratings — published 1992 — 7 editions He has also published new translations of Frantz Fanon’s The Wretched of the Earth and Black Skin, White Masks . For the first time, she was at peace with herself. Words without Borders: It must be gratifying to see the writer you translate honored as a finalist for the Man Booker. RP: If you have been colonized, you’ve been brainwashed and taught to think and behave like the colonizer. A major influence on civil rights, anti-colonial, and black consciousness movements around the world, Black Skin, White Masks is the unsurpassed study of the black psyche in a white world. Does this idea of the translator as ventriloquist speak to your view on the role of the translator? In your opinion, who or what do Ivan and Ivana represent? Yet, their divergent opinions on the importance of translation mean that Philcox has always approached his work with a surprising degree of independence. Privacy Policies Used from other sellers. RP: The award came to Maryse as a total surprise. . Sharmila Cohen is an award-winning German-to-English translator and writer with more than View Translator Its only national narrative is that of France.” Do you share this opinion? Sarah Timmer Harvey is a writer and translator currently based in New York. The Wretched of the Earth by Frantz Fanon, translated by Richard Philcox SKU: 9780802141323. Fanon’s masterwork is now available in a new translation that updates its language for a new generation of readers. Now the voice of Guadeloupe, a powerful and magical voice, could be heard internationally. by translating Maryse I am conversing with her, sometimes talking back to her, telling her fond thoughts, sometimes arguing with her. . Stories from the Golden Age of the Red Planet, Bodleian Library, University of Oxford, featured publisher, University of Chicago Press: 1427 E. 60th Street Chicago, IL 60637 USA | Voice: 773.702.7700 | Fax: 773.702.9756 It was when Maryse Condé’s novel Heremakhonon was published in 1976 that I launched into literary translation. Frantz Fanon was one of the twentieth century’s most important theorists of revolution, colonialism, and racial difference, and this, his masterwork, is a classic alongside Orientalism and The Autobiography of Malcolm X. It would be inappropriate to give them English or American equivalents as this would dramatically change the context. Richard Philcox is Condé’s husband and translator. ISBN: 9780802141323 . 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